Aortic Valve Disease
The two common types of aortic valve diseases are aortic insufficiency and aortic stenosis.
Aortic insufficiency is a heart valve disease in which the aortic valve weakens or balloons, preventing the valve from closing tightly. This leads to backward flow of blood from the aorta (the largest blood vessel) into the left ventricle (the left lower chamber of the heart).
In the past, rheumatic fever was the primary cause of aortic insufficiency. Now that antibiotics are used to treat rheumatic fever, other causes are more commonly seen. Other risk factors for valve problems include:
high blood pressure
systemic lupus erythematosus
valve problems that are present at birth
Patients with aortic insufficiency may present with one or several of the following symptoms or have no symptoms at all:
- chest pain under the sternum, which may radiate; crushing, squeezing, pressure, tightness; pain increases with exercise, relieves with rest.
irregular, rapid, racing, pounding or fluttering pulse
shortness of breath
- Arrhythmias & Rhythm Problems
- Diseases of the Aorta
- Heart Attacks
- Heart Failure
- Valve Disease
- Non-Invasive Cardiac Tests
- Invasive Cardiac Tests (2 Day Protocol for Myoview/Persantine Stress Test)
- Cardiac Rehabilitation
- Pulmonary Rehabilitation
- American Heart Association